EDUCATION IN THE 1950S
1. What major events changed education in this era?
2. What were some some educational trends in this era?
3. What was it like to be a teacher?
4. What was it like to be a student?
BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION- 1954
1.Up until the ruling of this case, schools were segregated, meaning black children went to black schools and white children went to white schools. Blacks and whites could not attend the same school. This was upheld by Plessy v. Ferguson, which held that segregated public facilities were constitutional as long as black and white facilities were equal to each other. This is known as "the separate but equal" doctrine.
YOU CAN JUST CALL IT BROWN V. BOARD
2. However, they were not equal. Black schools often received less funding. The books provided in black schools were often outdated and worn down, as they were usually handed down from white schools. Black schools often lacked basic electricity and bathrooms. Black children were often forced to travel long distances to attend their schools, even though white schools were closer.
3. Oliver Brown filed a class action lawsuit against the school board of Topeka, Kansas after his daughter was denied access to one of Topeka's white schools, that was closer than her designated black school. The case reached the Supreme Court, and they unanimously ruled that segregation of schools was unconstitutional. These were their reasons:
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Public - 11/30/16, 2:23 AM