Figure Skating in China

It is thought that two Americans developed the modern sport of figure skating in the mid 1800's. Edward Bushnell helped develop the light steel blades that allow for better maneuvering on the ice. Jackson Haines also added ballet elements into the sport, which made it graceful elegant.

In China, however, there are documents detailing ice sports that are from the Qing dynasty, which lasted from (1644-1911). These sports were considered an important part of the Qing culture and were very popular among the people.

Figure skating involves using ice skated to perform many different moves on the ice. These moves can include different types of jumps and spins. Figure skaters are judged based on their ability to complete the moves and be original.

The events in figure skating involve different amounts of people. Singles skating requires one person, Pairs requires a man and a woman, Ice Dance usually requires a man and a woman, and Synchronized Skating is performed by a large team.

Different events take different amounts of time. A short program whether it be ladies or men takes about 2 minutes and 50 seconds. A long program for men takes 4 minutes and a ladies long program take 3 minutes and thirty seconds.

Scoring is based on the skater's ability to execute the moves correctly, and on the artistic elements of the dance.

Every figure skating events uses the ISU point system. This system gives the skater(s) a technical score and a presentation score, which combine to create the final score.

Beijing, China has been chosen to host the 2022 Winter Olympics, which will very likely contain figure skating.

Olympic figure skating rinks are 30m wide and 60m long. (About 100ft by 200ft) They are this size in every olympic event.

There are no major fouls in the sport, although things like falling during a routine and failing to complete a move counts as a penalty and take points away from the technical score and the final score.

The basic strategy of the sport is to score as many points as possible while executing the moves as perfectly as possible. Many figure skaters train throughout the year and have coaches choreograph their routines. This planning helps them to remember their routine and gain as many points as possible in all categories.

Figure Skaters use single bladed figure skates. They have an inside and outside edge, plus a toepick for jumps and certain spins. Skaters also wear elegant or flashy costume when they compete. Some popular brands are GAM Risport, both of which are used by Chinese skaters.

There is a very large change from the Qing Dynasty ice sports to todays modern figure skating. The Qing didn't wear skates or blades on their feet, instead running on the ice in regular shoes or shoes with some sort of spike on the bottom. The different sports also took place on different sized arenas or areas, while all figure skating events take place on the same rink.

In China, many figure skaters are privately trained instead of skating for an organization. However, there are still events that take place in China, such as the Chinese Figure Skating Championships. Skaters from China also compete around the world, and China does compete in the Winter Olympics. In fact, the 2022 Winter Olympics are being held in Beijing, China, and it is going to become the first city to hold both the Summer and the Winter Olympics.

Citations

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"Figure Skating Equipment, History and Rules | Olympic.org." Equipment and History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.


"Kaleidoscope - Games and Sports." Ancient Ice Sports. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.


"The Figure Skating Competitions at the Winter Olympics." - For Dummies. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.


"US Skating Junior Short and Long Program Requirements." US Skating Junior Short and Long Program Requirements. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.

"Chinese Pair Wins Figure Skating Grand Prix Final_English_Xinhua." Chinese Pair Wins Figure Skating Grand Prix Final_English_Xinhua. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.

"Introduction." ISU. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.

Phillips, Tom. "Winter Olympics 2022: Beijing Chosen Ahead of Almaty to Host Games." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 31 July 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.

ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.

FigureSkatingArts. "Zijun LI - 2013 World Figure Skating Championships - Free Skating - Real HD Video." YouTube. YouTube, 17 Mar. 2013. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.

"Ice Skate Buyers Guide, Compare Brands, Choose Skates." Kinzie's Closet. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

"Chinese Duo Leads Pairs after Short Program at Worlds - The Boston Globe." BostonGlobe.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

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Public - 4/12/16, 3:58 PM