The apartheid 

- Populations do not have the same rights

- Some places or jobs may be reserved for only part of the population

- Exercised until 1991

- An institutional policy

Unbelievable ethnic and cultural diversity.

- Long process of building specific nationalism

- Dutch colonization of the 17th century

- Discovery of gold and diamonds

- Cultural diversity arising from the history of the country

Of an uncontrollable Afrikaner nationalism

- Are the descendants of the first settlers who arrived in South Africa

- Between 1899 and 1902 took place the "War of the Boers"

Crystallizes national feeling afrikaner

- Afrikaners clearly competed with black workers in the labor market.

 - Great insurrectionary strikes took place in 1922, organized by Afrikaan workers.

Apartheid: 1948-1991

- The phenomenon of apartheid goes through the history of South Africa

- Ensure, categorize, regulate, create ethnic states


 The main laws of apartheid:

- An Act respecting the prohibition of mixed marriages (1949)

- Law of immorality, penalizing sexual relations between Whites and not Whites (1950)

- Law of classification of the population, distinguishing individuals according to their race (1950)

Conclusion

- Apartheid is a system that generates frustration among all disadvantaged groups it designates

- The African National Congress, organization for the defense of the black people

- Protest acts

- Multi-racial elections took place in April 1994

Spech of Miriam Makeba

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Public - 11/24/16, 6:48 AM