Music & Studying

Music and Studying

Why?


What?


When?


How?

Why

Study endurance 

Study Motivation

Mood


Endurance/Motivation

Studies of Athletes show that music increases endurance 

 (Crust and Clough, 2006)


Applied to studying

Unlike exercise-->Cognitive Load

Mood

- Music listening releases dopamine (Salimpoor et al., 2011)

- Mood shown to increase due to upbeat music (Towers, 2013)

- People tend to like music based on situational factors 

i.e. interpersonal conflict or grief/loss (Towers, 2013)


Song selection and mood are bi-directional variables


Still unsure how directionality affects studying quality

- Cathartic or counterproductive

What

Pop

Jazz

Post-punk

Indie

Electronic

Hip Hop

Rock

Grunge

Classical


Trial and Error

Cognitive overload & Quality of studying

Sweller's Cognitive load theory 


Limited mental processing ability

Overload results in diminished mental task performance

(Sweller, 1994)




Although I enjoy listening to everything, I'm aware of certain musical characteristics that might be distracting; perhaps due to more salient brain processing


- Dynamics/Suspension (Classical)

- Shift in mood (Classical)

- Lyrical emphasis/Semantics (Rap)

When

Any

- Quality of work decreases


Endurance vs Cognitive Load vs Mood

- Music shown to decrease quality of work in serial recall tasks

- Quality and efficiency increases from not listening to music but taking short breaks to listen

- Studies show that quality of work may increase from listening to music before working (Goodwin, 2015)

How?


Online Playlist

 Randomness in song selection (Bergland, 2016)

- shuffle


Artist


Self-made playlist

-shuffle


Individual Song



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Public - 4/15/16, 4:28 PM