The Lord's Covenant with David

1Now when the king lived in his house and the Lord had given him rest from all his surrounding enemies, 2the king said to Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent." 3And Nathan said to the king, "Go, do all that is in your heart, for the Lord is with you."


4. But that same night the word of the Lord came to Nathan, 5"Go and tell my servant David, 'Thus says the Lord: Would you build me a house to dwell in? 6I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent for my dwelling. 7In all places where I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, "Why have you not built me a house of cedar?


8Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David, 'Thus says the Lord of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel. 9And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. 10And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly, 11from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. And I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. 12When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.'"

Israel: etymology

Old English Israel, "the Jewish people, the Hebrew nation," from Latin Israel, from Greek, from Hebrew Yisra'el "he that striveth with God"


Tabernacle: etymology

mid-13c., "portable sanctuary carried by the Israelites in the wilderness," from Old French tabernacle "the Jewish Tabernacle; tent, canopy; tomb, monument," from Latin tabernaculum "tent," especially "a tent of an augur" (for taking observations), diminutive of taberna "hut, cabin, booth"

Notable Dates Surrounding the Time of David

1190 B.C. Trojan War (between Troy and Mycenae)

1020 B.C. Israelite tribes united under Saul 

900 B.C. Celts spread through Gaul

814 B.C. Phoenicians found Carthage


A Foretelling of God's Covenant

This is just what Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel promised he would do. Ezekiel looks to the future salvation of God's people and speaks God's word (in 37:23.): "I will save them from all the backslidings in which they have sinned, and will cleanse them and they shall be my people and I will be their God. My servant David shall be king over them; and they shall have one shepherd." 


Ezekiel 37: 24-28

24 “‘My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd. They will follow my laws and be careful to keep my decrees. 25 They will live in the land I gave to my servant Jacob, the land where your ancestors lived. They and their children and their children’s children will live there forever, and David my servant will be their prince forever. 26 I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. I will establish them and increase their numbers, and I will put my sanctuary among them forever. 27 My dwelling place will be with them; I will be their God, and they will be my people. 28 Then the nations will know that I the Lord make Israel holy, when my sanctuary is among them forever.’” 

Jesus' Entreaty

isten to the entreaty of the Lord Jesus himself in the last chapter of the Bible (Revelation 22:16f.): "I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright and morning star . . . let him who is thirsty come, let him who desires take the water of life without price." 

God's Invitation: Isaiah 55:1–3

"We Will Discussion"

The point of this invitation is that the very sovereignty, wisdom and love of God which was assured David of an eternal kingdom can also assure you of God's eternal kindness as a part of that kingdom.


"Ho, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come buy wine and milk without money and without price. Why do you spend your money for that which is not bread and your labor for that which does not satisfy? Hearken diligently to me and eat what is good, and delight yourselves in fatness. Incline your ear and come to me; hear that your soul may live; and I will make with you an everlasting covenant, my steadfast sure love for David."

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Public - 4/11/16, 4:14 AM