How will we get to Mars?

By: Cory Daly 

NASA's breakthroughs 

NASA has been making scientific breakthroughs in many different fields that are going to help get humans to Mars. The technological advances include new designs for the space ship itself and other things like a new rocket that is the most powerful one NASA has ever worked on currently.

Getting answers to make a safer trip.

Astronauts aboard the International Space Station have been testing and proving the technologies and communication systems that are needed to go in deep space. They are also learning how space effects the human body and what can be done to prevent it. One example could be artificial gravity countering the loss of bone material.

challenges

NASA has identified technological and operational challenges in the three categories: transportation, sending humans and cargo through space efficiently, safely, and reliably; developing habitation systems that provide safe, healthy, and sustainable human exploration; working in space, enabling productive operations for crew and robotic systems.

Astronaut health

Getting to Mars healthy is a major priority. Astronauts that have been in low orbit for about 6 months see significant changes to their body compared to them being on earth. Because it is estimated to take about 2 years to reach Mars, it would be considerably dangerous for astronauts to try and go now with the technology they have in this present time instead of discovering and finding safer ways of getting to Mars.

Supplies

It is important that astronauts have all the supplies that are needed. It is necessary for them to prepared ahead of time if something goes wrong or not the way things were planned. For instance, having another set of tools instead of having just the one set. Having a high supply of medical supplies could do them good as well.

Food and water 

The food the astronauts will be given should be healthy and have the essential nutrients that the body needs. Rations should be counted carefully so that there is enough food and water for the astronauts to eat on their journey. If the astronauts do plan on staying they would have to find a way to grow crops. Thus making them have to bring even more food to have while they figure out how to grow crops on the planet.

The future of space travel 

Scientists do believe that humans will be sent to deep  space by the 2030s. This will definitely give us enough time to make new discoveries and come up with better and safer ways of reaching Mars and deeper areas of space.

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Public - 4/28/16, 1:41 PM