Color Theory

And the Schwarzkopf Numbering System

The color circle is one of the most important tools for working with color. It allows us to show colors and describe not only their relationships but how they react to one another. 

The original color circle was created by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666 using a prism and sunlight, but the circle as we know it today was developed by a German theorist named Johannes Itten. He took into consideration Wolfgang von Goethe's hypothesis of the emotional value of color and based the circle on the three primary colors. 

Color Harmony

Harmony can be defined simply as a pleasing arrangement of parts, while working with visual experiences, we're looking for something pleasing to the eye. Whether that's balance, a sense of order, or a feeling of entertainment, it doesn't matter. Color harmony is a dynamic equilibrium achieved by careful consideration of colors. 

Complementary Colors

Analougus Colors

Color Context

How a color behaves in relation to other colors and sometimes shapes is a complex area of color theory. The relationship of values, saturations, warmth, and coolness can all have an effect on how we perceive color. 

Knowing about where a shade lays on the color circle will aid you in choosing the right shade for the desired result.

The Schwarzkopf system is based on a combination of up to 3 numbers:

The number in front of the dash (5-88) indicates: 

- The color depth of the shade

- The ideal base to use the shade on in order to achieve true to swatch results

The number after the dash (5- 88) indicates:

-The first number after the dash shows the major tone

-The second number after the dash shows the minor tone

-Two identical numbers after the dash indicate an intense color 


1 - black

3 - dark brown

4 - medium brown

5 - light brown

6 - dark blonde

7 - medium blonde

8 - light blonde

9 - extra light blonde

Tone Direction: 

-0 natural

-1 cendre (blue/violet)

-2 ash (blue)

-3 matt (green)

-4 beige (muted gold)

-5 gold (gold)

-6 chocolate (warm brown)

-7 copper (orange)

-8 red (red)

-9 violet (violet)

Create a presentation like this one
Share it on social medias
Share it on your own
Share it on social medias
Share it on your own

How to export your presentation

Please use Google Chrome to obtain the best export results.

How to export your presentation

Schwarzkopf ASK Education

by hbenske


Public - 9/11/16, 3:46 AM