IS INTERNET.ORG VS. NET NEUTRALITY?
(and why should you support Internet.org or not?)
THE INDIAN CASE STUDY
FOR THE REST OF THE EMERGING MARKETS
#Ethics #Startups #Internet #EmergingMarkets
What is net neutrality & what is Internet.org?
The Indian case study:
Airtel Zero vs. #SaveTheInternet...and the Internet.org debate
Principle vs. Action (Transcendental idealism vs. Utilitarianism)
> Should you support or not Internet.org?
WHO AM I?
Passionate about innovation
in the emerging markets
StartupBRICS partner, SxSW speaker,
Hello Tomorrow ambassador in India
WHAT IS NET NEUTRALITY?
WHAT IS INTERNET.ORG
Mark Zuckerberg on Internet.org in India
OK, Net Neutrality seems to be a good thing
& Internet.org seems to be a good initiative
so what is the problem?
Let's study the debate opened in India about it.
NET NEUTRALITY IN INDIA
(Airtel Zero, #SaveTheInternet, Flipkart...)
AND WHAT INTERNET.ORG HAD TO DO WITH IT
Airtel is the biggest internet provider in India.
Airtel Zero is an offer to access to websites (such like Flipkart)
for free of data charge when these websites pay for it.
So yes, people could access Internet for free.
and this was the reaction...
Tweets from @AnandC, Airtel Chief Product Officer at that time
Other Indian startups react:
here the founder of Zomato
Indian biggest food startup
(223 M raised, 30M users)
...and then came the Internet.org question
The buzz against Internet.org in India was massive,
so Mark Zuckerberg himself had to react...
shared Mark Zuckerberg's status on its page in India
Facebook also promoted
(millions dollars worth campaign)
to all indian facebook users
through facebook ads
Now that you know the basic elements, let's specify some points:
1. Airtel & Internet.org (that belongs to Facebook) are partners in Zambia, not in India
2. Airtel Zero & Internet.org are kind of competitors in India
3. Airtel Zero partnered Facebook in India to access Facebook free of charge
My Interview about this Net Neutraity question in India
WHY SHOULD YOU BE PRO OR AGAINST INTERNET.ORG
Yes, it is a philosophical debate.
KANT vs. MILL
Indeed, the critics against Airtel Zero or Internet.org have 1 root:
Airtel & Facebook could benefit from their programs. Yes, they have a self-interest.
Airtel's & Facebook objective by offering internet access for free
could then be to increase the users of their own services.
Yes they are companies trying to make profits.
From a Kantian ethic's perspective,
no virtuous action can be made out of self-interest.
As a consequence, Airtel & facebook initiatives can't be good.
From John Stuart Mill's Utilitarian perspective, it is very different:
Actions should not be judged by the absence of interest of the action maker
but by their consequences, by their utility.
Indeed, a good action produces "the greatest happiness for the greatest number".
So even if Airtel & Facebook can profit from their initiatives, as long as they produce more good and better good, their actions can be good.
So now the question is:
Is net neutrality a sacred principle even if its respect has negative consequences
(people who can't be connected) which could be the enemy of the principle's objective
should we think about the concrete effectiveness beyond abstract principles
and believe that there is more good if people can be connected than if they are not.
I am Utilitarian and I believe, yes that a world "more open and connected"
with more people having access to information and innovation
will create a greater happiness for a greater number.
And I believe that in free market, on a longer term, it is not in companies' interest to abuse of their program or position. #SaveTheInternet is another proof of that.
Companies are well warned and people are ready to react...
thanks to freedom of information and because they are connected.
So I am pro-Internet.org
So I praise the #SaveTheInternet movement's vigilance
but I criticize its extremism and its consequences.
And yes, even if I know this is propaganda, I think it is a good one
Mark Zuckerberg insisted about Internet.org with P.M. Modi
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Public - 6/11/15, 3:37 PM