Exploration into Language Acquisition Theory
There are two factors involved in Schumann's model...
How well does the learner connect with the target language (TL) group?
How well does the individual learner internally cope with the learning of a new language?
Greater social or psychological distance
less connection with TL group
harder to acquire TL
Social Distance Variables
Schumann presents eight social variables that can affect the quality of contact that second language learners have with the target community...
1. Social dominance
If the ELL group is inferior to the TL group, they may resist learning the target language.
Assimilation Preservation Adaptation
How shared are the social constructs (churches, schools, professions, etc.) of the ELL and TL group?
If the ELL group is cohesive, it will tend to remain separate from the TL group
If the ELL group is large, there will be less contact with the TL group which leads to lower exposure of the TL
Social contact is less likely and L2 learning is less easily facilitated if the ELL group's culture is disimilar to the TL group's culture
''My life in high school was torture, just studying, nothing else,'' said Ms. Zheng (pronounced djung). ''Here students lead more interesting lives,'' partly because they are more involved in athletics, choir and other activities.
''They party, they drink, they date,'' she added. ''In China, we study and study and study.''
If the ELL and TL groups have positive attitudes toward each other, L2 learning is more easily facilitated
8. Intended length of residence
The longer an ELL learner plans to remain in the TL environment, the more likely it is that they will learn the TL
Psychological Distance Variables
There are four psychological distance variables...
1. Language shock
2. Culture shock
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Public - 7/21/16, 10:04 PM