The Body in 

Greek and Roman Sculpture

Works of Art from the 250:

27. Anavysos Kouros

28. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis 

-a kouros is a statue of a standing nude youth that did not represent any one individual youth but the idea of youth

-Used in Archaic Greece as both a dedication to the gods in sanctuaries and as a grave monument, the standard kouros stood with his left foot forward, arms at his sides, looking straight ahead 

-carved in from four sides, the statue retained the general shape of the marble block

-Archaic Greek sculptors reduced human anatomy and musculature in these statues to decorative patterning on the surface of the marble. 

-The kouros embodies many of the ideals of the aristocratic culture of Archaic Greece. One such ideal of this period was arete, a combination of moral and physical beauty and nobility. 

-Arete was closely connected with kalokagathia, literally a composite term for beautiful and good or noble. 

-Writing in the mid 500s B.C., the Greek poet Theognis Arete summed this idea up as: "What is beautiful is loved, and what is not is unloved." 

-In a society that emphasized youth and male beauty, the artistic manifestation of this world view was the kouros

-The poet Simonides wrote about arete in the late 500s, he used a metaphor seemingly drawn from the kouros: "In hand and foot and mind alike foursquare/ fashioned without flaw." 

Anavysos Kouros

-this statue is from the Acropolis 

-this site was filled with votive offerings dedicated the Goddess Artemis

-votive offerings were tokens of piety and marks of financial and artistic development

-most were statues that were meant to please Artemis

-Votive offerings were used by the ancient Greeks to thank the gods for granting them a wish

-the type, material and size of the dedications reflected the time period, social status and financial state of the dedicant

-On the Acropolis, statues and other expensive artifacts were commissioned by members of aristocratic families and wealthy professionals, manual workers, as well as women, such as washer women and bakers.

Peplos Kore from the Acropolis

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Copy - Early Greek Scuplture

by cmeyer112


Public - 9/15/16, 12:41 AM