"Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of nature. And that is because, in the last analysis, we ourselves are a part of the mystery that we are trying to solve."

~Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck


A presentation by 

Emily Sabatini 

and

 Haley Yanosky

Max Planck was a physicist born in Kiel, Germany on April 23, 1858.

 Kiel, Germany

Early Life

Max Planck was born to Johann Julius Wilhelm Planck and Emma Patzig. He was the 6th child in the family.

As a child, Planck enrolled in the Maximilians gymnasium school where he came under the instruction of Hermann Muller, a mathematician who taught Planck astronomy, mechanics, and mathmatics.

In 1879 at the age of 21, Planck attended the University of Munich where he received his doctoral degree. The following year he completed his qualifying dissertation at Munich and became a lecturer.

Before Originating Quantum Theory in 1900...

Planck had received his doctorate in philosophy in Munich and was an associate professor of theorectical physics at the University of Kiel.  

He was also a permanent secretary at the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

The Discovery of Quantum Theory

Quantum Theory is the theory of matter and energy based on the concept of quanta (a unit used to measure the amount of energy something gives off).

Awards

Planck won a Nobel Prize for Physics in 1918 

He also won the Copley Medal, an award given by the Royal Society for outstanding research in any branch of science, in 1929 

Max Planck's work in thermodynamics (the science of heat in relation to other forms of energy) led to the discovery of his quantum theory.

In 1894 while studying black body radiation (a black body is an idealized object that absorbs all electromagnetic radiation that falls on it) he created the first version of his black body radiation law.

In 1899, however, he revised this law and developed Planck's constant, which helped him to realize light is released in packets of energy he called "quanta". This led to the naming of a new series of physical units called "Planck units".

Then, in 1900, he revised his theory again so that it included his hypothesis that electromagnetic energy could only be emitted in "quantized" form. This is his discovery of quantum theory, which even he did not fully understand until Einstein interpreted it in 1905.

Max Planck died in 1947, after he had been appointed head of Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, which has since been renamed for him.

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Public - 9/19/16, 4:26 PM