Mental Health and Mental Illness

What is the definition of mental health?

 Mental health is a condition, subject to fluctuations due to biological and social factors, which enables the individual to achieve a satisfactory synthesis of his own potentially conflicting, instinctive drives; to form and maintain harmonious relations with others; and to participate in constructive changes in his social and physical environment.

Do you.........

Get along with others?

Adapt to change?

Care for self/others?

Give and accept love?

Deal with situations that are stressful, anxiety provoking?

Take responsibility for your actions and choices?

Control and fulfill desires and impulses?

What is the definition of mental illness?

Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors.

What causes MI?

Physical Factors

Biological model (a dysfunctional brain), substance abuse, illnesses such as cancer leading to depression, aging leading to dementia and birth defects (anoxia leading to autism spectrum disorder) 

Other factors leading to MI

Environmental- poverty (poor nutrition and exposure to asbestos), family relationships (abusive spouse or parent), traumatic experiences (such as PTSD), vaccines (?) before birth ETOH/ SAs can lead to FAS, for example   

Genetics-autism, ADHD, bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia

Stress- Associated with anxiety disorders

Types of Mental Illnesses

1. Anxiety disorders- includes, Obsessive Compulsion Disorder (OCD) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), panic attacks, phobias and General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)


unwarranted, pervasive, excessive worrying; leads to muscle tension, poor concentration, sweaty hands, SOB, inability to relax palpitations, upset stomach


After a crisis (Katrina, Sandy, 9/11), after a life altering experience (rape, war)- includes flashbacks, vigilance, anxiety  

Mood disorders

Includes Major Depression, Bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder


Suicidal ideation- verbalizing thoughts

Suicidal gesture-cry for help

Suicidal plan/intent

risk factors for suicide

male, white, over 65


stressful events

access to firearms

major depression

Bipolar Illness

Person experiences periods of mania and depression; caused by chemical imbalance in the brain of serotonin/genetics

Mania: too high, risky behaviors, no sleep, agitated, psychotic

Depression- 2-4 weeks of helplessness, hopelessness, anhedonia, change in sleep/eating patterns, thoughts of death, isolation, tearfulness

Psychotic Disorders

Includes schizophrenia, delusional disorder and brief psychotic disorder

Person experiences hallucinations, delusions, altered affect, inability to self-care, may perseverate, have altered speech patterns (neologisms, flight of ideas)

Personality Disorders

Everyone has a personality with character traits such as stinginess, generosity, arrogance and independence. But when these traits are rigid and self-defeating, they may interfere with functioning and even lead to psychiatric symptoms. Personality traits are formed by early adulthood, persist throughout life and affect every aspect of day to day behavior. Individuals with personality disorders often blame others for their problems.

Narcissistic-need praise, sense of importance, unable to see others' perspectives

Antisocial -disregard for rules, rights of others, aggressive 

Avoidant- helpless , sensitive to criticism

Histrionic-exaggerate emotions, go to lengths to get attention

Schizoid- few friends, limited range of emtions

Borderline- "teens" love-hate relationships, cutters, splitters, identity crisis,  

psychopath- the devil made me do it!

other disorders types

Dissociative - amnesia, DID, depersonalization

Sexual disorders-dyspareunia, orgasmic disorder

gender identity

  Paraphilias-pedophilia, necrophilia, voyeurism, fetishism

Somatoform- body dysmorphia, hypochondriasis, somatization, conversion

Substance abuse

Eating disorders- anorexia nervosa, bulemia


C=cut down

A=annoyed by criticism

G=guilty feelings

E=eye opener

Treating MI

Psychotherapy- individual, family, couples, group


Electroconvulsive therapy


Movies that teach

As Good As I Gets- OCD

Silver Linings Playbook- BPD

A Beautiful Mind- schizophrenia

12 Monkeys- schizophrenia

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest- all

Ordinary People- Depression

The Soloist- schizophrenia

Rainman- autism

Silence of the Lambs- psychopath

Reign Over Me- PTSD

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by lploom


Public - 7/26/16, 2:13 AM