Mental Health and Mental Illness
What is the definition of mental health?
Mental health is a condition, subject to fluctuations due to biological and social factors, which enables the individual to achieve a satisfactory synthesis of his own potentially conflicting, instinctive drives; to form and maintain harmonious relations with others; and to participate in constructive changes in his social and physical environment.
Get along with others?
Adapt to change?
Care for self/others?
Give and accept love?
Deal with situations that are stressful, anxiety provoking?
Take responsibility for your actions and choices?
Control and fulfill desires and impulses?
What is the definition of mental illness?
Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors.
What causes MI?
Biological model (a dysfunctional brain), substance abuse, illnesses such as cancer leading to depression, aging leading to dementia and birth defects (anoxia leading to autism spectrum disorder)
Other factors leading to MI
Environmental- poverty (poor nutrition and exposure to asbestos), family relationships (abusive spouse or parent), traumatic experiences (such as PTSD), vaccines (?) before birth ETOH/ SAs can lead to FAS, for example
Genetics-autism, ADHD, bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia
Stress- Associated with anxiety disorders
Types of Mental Illnesses
1. Anxiety disorders- includes, Obsessive Compulsion Disorder (OCD) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), panic attacks, phobias and General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
unwarranted, pervasive, excessive worrying; leads to muscle tension, poor concentration, sweaty hands, SOB, inability to relax palpitations, upset stomach
Suicidal ideation- verbalizing thoughts
Suicidal gesture-cry for help
risk factors for suicide
male, white, over 65
access to firearms
Person experiences periods of mania and depression; caused by chemical imbalance in the brain of serotonin/genetics
Mania: too high, risky behaviors, no sleep, agitated, psychotic
Depression- 2-4 weeks of helplessness, hopelessness, anhedonia, change in sleep/eating patterns, thoughts of death, isolation, tearfulness
Includes schizophrenia, delusional disorder and brief psychotic disorder
Person experiences hallucinations, delusions, altered affect, inability to self-care, may perseverate, have altered speech patterns (neologisms, flight of ideas)
Everyone has a personality with character traits such as stinginess, generosity, arrogance and independence. But when these traits are rigid and self-defeating, they may interfere with functioning and even lead to psychiatric symptoms. Personality traits are formed by early adulthood, persist throughout life and affect every aspect of day to day behavior. Individuals with personality disorders often blame others for their problems.
Narcissistic-need praise, sense of importance, unable to see others' perspectives
Antisocial -disregard for rules, rights of others, aggressive
Avoidant- helpless , sensitive to criticism
Histrionic-exaggerate emotions, go to lengths to get attention
Schizoid- few friends, limited range of emtions
Borderline- "teens" love-hate relationships, cutters, splitters, identity crisis,
psychopath- the devil made me do it!
other disorders types
Dissociative - amnesia, DID, depersonalization
Sexual disorders-dyspareunia, orgasmic disorder
Paraphilias-pedophilia, necrophilia, voyeurism, fetishism
Somatoform- body dysmorphia, hypochondriasis, somatization, conversion
Eating disorders- anorexia nervosa, bulemia
A=annoyed by criticism
Psychotherapy- individual, family, couples, group
Movies that teach
As Good As I Gets- OCD
Silver Linings Playbook- BPD
A Beautiful Mind- schizophrenia
12 Monkeys- schizophrenia
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest- all
Ordinary People- Depression
The Soloist- schizophrenia
Silence of the Lambs- psychopath
Reign Over Me- PTSD
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Public - 7/26/16, 2:13 AM