Police and Power
What Academia can Learn From History
Durrell K. Martin
“You have the right to remain silent.
Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to speak to an attorney, and to have an attorney present during any questioning.
If you cannot afford a lawyer, one will be provided for you at government expense.”
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
A defendant “must be warned prior to any questioning that he has the right to remain silent, that anything he says can be used against him in a court of law, that he has the right to the presence of an attorney, and that if he cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed for him prior to any questioning if he so desires.”
1931 Report on Lawlessness in Law Enforcement
Wickersham Commission found extensive evidence of police
misconduct and violence throughout major urban departments.
Chambers et al v. Florida (1940), the court stated its displeasure
with the actions of the officers involved in the court cases provided;
however, there was no indication of the action to be used
against officers accused of excessive force.
Review of Fatal Encounters Database
2015 and 2016 partial year data
people were fatally shot by police in 2015.
As of a week ago, there have been 29 more fatal shootings this year than at the same time last year.
Deaths Per US State 2016
Deaths Per US State 2015
Top 10 States in Per Capita 2015 Deaths
Top 10 States in Per Capita 2016 Deaths
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Public - 10/16/16, 8:40 PM