Title IX at XLIV:

Sports, schools, and students


David Welch Suggs, Jr., Ph.D.

October 19, 2016

University of Georgia

wsuggs@uga.edu

@welchsuggs

First, a quiz:

http://ctlsites.uga.edu/sportsmediasociety/voting/

Now, the results

An educational law in a commercial world

What makes American college sports different?

• Prevalence: Madness 9 months out of the year on campuses across the country

• HS/colleges the vector for elite athlete development

• Professionalization and institutional control of athletics programs

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

The NCAA and the AIAW

The men's and women's models of sport

Title IX areas for review

• Participation/levels of competition

• Provision of financial aid

• Treatment and amenities

Legal actions

• OCR

• Cannon v. University of Chicago, 441 US 677

• Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987

• Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools, 503 US 60

Growth...

...and stagnation

...while college enrollment has stagnated the other way

Same trend in high schools

And stagnation

Why the stabilization?

H1: No pressure. All the women who want to play sports have a chance to play.


H2: The political pressure on colleges to add women's opportunities has subsided.

Not just about sports

The future?

Title IX at XLIII:

Sports, schools, and students


David Welch Suggs, Jr., Ph.D.

October 19, 2016

University of Georgia

wsuggs@uga.edu

@welchsuggs

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Title IX at XLIV

by welchsuggs

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Public - 10/20/15, 4:43 PM