Archery in Italy
Archery for men started in the Olympics in 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1920 and for women in 1904 and 1908.They were then suspended until the 1972 Games, when they were reintroduced for both men and women and are still going on today.
The most decorated archer in Olympic history is Hubert Van Innis of Belgium who competed in 1900 and 1920, winning six gold and three silver medals.
Origination of Archery
Archery goes back a long time in history. In about 2800 BC, the first composite bow was made by the Egyptians. During the Roman Empire much of their military used archery to fight. The bow was used as a hunting weapon, and archery continued to be practiced as a sport in England by both royalty and the general public. The oldest continuously held archery tournament still extant, known as the Ancient Scorton Arrow, was founded in Yorkshire in 1673
A target is typically made up of 10 concentric circles or “rings,” each circle is work different point values. The center circle is worth 10 points and the outer ring is worth 1 point. Anything outside of the outer ring is considered a miss and worth 0 points. As long as some part of the arrow shaft touches or passes the line between rings, the arrow is considered is given the higher point value. None of the arrows or the target face may be touched until all arrows are scored. The archers must mark the arrow hole before removing the arrows.
Equipment For Archery
Bow-The bow consists of a riser and two limbs.
Armguard - Protects the arm from being hit by the bowstring.
Arrow -Arrows have a maximum diameter of 9.3 millimeters.
Bowstring-The string of a bow. Most strings are made of high-tech polyethylene fibres, which are stronger than steel.
Chestguard -Plastic or leather, to keep clothing out of the way.
Finger tab or shooting glove - A flat piece of leather worn as a guard to protect the finger.
Fletching - The real or artificial feathers at the back of an arrow designed to make it fly straight.
Target- The target is what the archers shoot the arrows at. There are different point values on the target.
Rules of Archery
*Archers must adhere to all official rules in terms of the equipment they use in the performance of their sport.
*The maximum time permitted to shoot an end of three arrows is two minutes, and four minutes for an end of six arrows.
*Athletes may not raise the bow arm until the signal to start is given and penalties can be given – in the form of points forfeits – if the bow is drawn after the
official practice has been closed.
*An arrow cannot be re-shot under any circumstances.
*An arrow that rebounds or hangs from the target will still score based on the mark it makes on the target face.
*Athletes can be disqualified, have points deducted or be banned from competition for various breaches of rules, based on the severity of the offence.
*If equipment is damaged, appeals can be made to the judge for such equipment to be replaced or fixed.
Round consists of 36 arrows shot at each of four distances (90, 70, 50 and 30 meters for men; 70, 60, 50, 30 meters for women) for a total of 144 arrows.
Score are totaled at the end of the rounds. Arrows are generally shot in groups of six.
In a 25-Meter Indoor Round archers shoot 60 arrows at a 60 cm diameter target face. In the 18-Meter Indoor Round archers shoot 60 arrows at a 40 cm diameter target face.
Indoor Field Dimensions
Look at the chart to see the size of an indoor Archery field.
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Public - 4/11/16, 6:16 PM