Two people are involved in wrestling at a time during the game. 

Wrestling matches consist of three periods. Periods can vary in length from one minute in duration for younger age groups, to as long as three minutes for college wrestling. Either wrestler can win the match at any time if they are able to pin their opponent or develop a lead of more than 12 points.

Takedown = 2 points

Reverse = 2 points

Near Fall (Back Points) = 2,3 points (4 points will be awarded when the match is stopped due to injury, and 5 seconds of near fall has been reached)

Escape = 1 point

Penalty = 1 point (example: illegal hold, etc.)

Other ways to score during match:

Stalling: Warning, 1pt.,1pt.,2pts., D.Q.

Caution: Warning, Warning, 1pt.,1pt.,2pts., D.Q.

 Square-shaped mats must be 12 meters by 12 meters. Octagonal-shaped mats should have a diameter of 15 meters. The action of a freestyle or Greco match takes place inside of the wrestling area, which is typically a yellow circle with a diameter of 7 meters. At the center of the wrestling area is a “center circle” with a diameter of 1 meter. This circle indicates where the action must start. The color of this circle is typically red or white, and may be a full-filled circle or include a line of 10 centimeters in thickness.

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Basic Strategies of Wrestling

Learn Techniques: Wrestlers are taught a hold or series of holds and learn to execute the hold(s) perfectly.

Repetitions: Once a wrestler can execute the hold properly then they need to get repetitions. Drilling techniques over and over will program your body to perform the technique automatically in a live situation. To become proficient in holds from the neutral position requires more repetitions then holds from the top or bottom position.

Sparring: When a wrestler can execute holds in at a high pace with perfection they need to begin to spar. Sparring is when your practice partner begins to give resistance back. This will learn to work for setups, recognize openings, perform hold explosively and chain wrestle. This is where the functional learning begins.

Various infractions (e.g. striking the opponent, acting with brutality or intent to injure, using illegal holds, etc.). (Under the 2004–2005 changes to the international styles, a wrestler whose opponent takes an injury time-out receives one point unless the injured wrestler is bleeding.)[3] Any wrestler stepping out of bounds while standing in the neutral position during a match is penalized by giving their opponent a point.[3]

A singlet is a one-piece wrestling garment made of spandex that should provide a tight and comfortable fit for the wrestler. It is made from nylon or lycra and prevents an opponent from using anything on the wrestler as leverage. One wrestler usually competes in a red singlet and the other in a blue singlet.[23]

A special pair of shoes is worn by the wrestler to increase his mobility and flexibility. Wrestling shoes are light and flexible in order to provide maximum comfort and movement. Usually made with rubber soles, they help give the wrestler's feet a better grip on the mat.[24]

A handkerchief, also called a bloodrag is carried in the singlet. In the event of bleeding, the wrestler will remove the cloth from his singlet and attempt to stop the bleeding or clean up any bodily fluids that may have gotten onto the mat.[23]

Headgear, equipment worn around the ears to protect the wrestler, is optional in Greco-Roman. Headgear is omitted at the participant's own risk, as there is the potential to develop cauliflower ear.[24]

The match[edit]

Greco-Roman is an international discipline and an Olympic sport. In Greco-Roman style, it is forbidden to hold the opponent below the belt, to make trips, and to actively use the legs in the execution of any action. Recent rule changes in Greco-Roman increase opportunities for and place greater emphasis on explosive, 'high amplitude' throws. Pinning one's opponent to the mat is one way of winning. One of the most well known Greco-Roman wrestlers is Alexander Karelin from Russia.

Freestyle wrestling

Main article: Freestyle wrestling

Freestyle wrestling is an international discipline and an Olympic sport, for both men and women. This style allows the use of the wrestler's or his opponent's legs in offense and defense. Freestyle wrestling has its origins in catch-as-catch-can wrestling and the prime victory condition in this style involves the wrestler winning by throwing and pinning his opponent on the mat. American high school and college wrestling is conducted under different rules and is termed scholastic and collegiate wrestling.

Female wrestling

Amateur pankration

Pankration, from the Greek words pan and kratos meaning "the one who controls everything", is a world heritage martial art with the distinction of being the only martial sport in the ancient Olympic Games from 648 BC to 393 AD. Modern amateur pankration is a form of mixed martial arts (MMA) that incorporates techniques from multiple systems. Matches are fought with both grappling holds and by striking techniques.[11]

Beach wrestling

UWW, then known as FILA, codified the current form of beach wrestling in 2004.[12] Beach wrestling is standing wrestling done by wrestlers, male or female, inside a sand-filled circle measuring 6 meters (20 ft) in diameter. The wrestlers wear swimsuits rather than special wrestling uniforms. Wrestlers may also wear spandex or athletic shorts. The objective is to bring the opponent to the ground, push them out of bounds or pin their shoulders to the ground.[13][14]

Wrestling in Roman Times was developed on the basis of the legacy of the Etruscans and the restoration of the Greek games. Wrestling was the favourite sport of young aristocrats, soldiers and shepherds. According to Classius Dion, the palestra was at the origin of the military success of the Romans. In 393, Emperor Theodosius I prohibited all pagan games and outlawed the Olympic Games. Olympic Values sank into the dark Middle Ages, but they were always latent, without ceasing to exist. During Middle Ages and Renaissance, wrestling was practiced by the social elite, in castles and palaces. Numerous painters and writers celebrated wrestling and encouraged its practice : Caravaggio, Poussin, Rembrandt, Courbet, Rabelais, Rousseau, Montaigne, Locke, etc. It is also interesting to mention that the first book to be printed came out in 1500, and that already in 1512 came out the wrestling manual in color by German artist Albrecht Dürer.

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Wrestling in Russia Alissa musgrove

by 20almusgrove


Public - 4/12/16, 3:59 PM