Diabetes Mellitus

by: Tia Johnson

Type 1 

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced. The lack of insulin results in high blood sugar levels.

Type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.




blurry vision


excessive urination

dramatic weight loss in a short period of time

numbness or lack of sensation in the feet

Symptoms of ketoacidosis

constant hunger

a lack of energy


weight loss

excessive thirst

frequent urination

dry mouth

itchy skin

blurry vision

yeast infections

slow-healing cuts or sores

dark patches on your skin

foot pain

feelings of numbness in your extremities, or neuropathy



Because the body no longer makes insulin, people with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin and manage their diet and exercise to keep blood sugars within a healthy range.


You’ll need to keep your blood sugar levels in check to keep your diabetes under control and to prevent serious complications. Monitor your blood sugar to help stay on top of your condition. Learn about which foods to eat, and not to eat as well as when to eat them. Exercise regularly to lower your blood sugar. Sometimes, blood sugar-regulating medication or insulin therapy might be necessary, and in rare cases, transplantation.


Type 1-

Increased heart attack risk eye problems, including blindness nerve pain infections on the skin, especially the feet, that could require amputation in serious cases kidney damage ,high blood pressure, high cholesterol.

Type 2-

skin problems, such as bacterial or fungal infections

nerve damage, or neuropathy, which can cause a loss of sensation or numbness and tingling in your extremities as well as digestive issues, such as vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation

poor circulation to the feet, which makes it hard for your feet to heal when you have a cut or an infection and can also lead to gangrene and loss of the foot or leg

hearing impairment

retinal damage, or retinopathy, and eye damage, which can cause deteriorating vision, glaucoma, and cataracts

cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, narrowing of the arteries, angina, heart attack, and stroke

kidney damage and kidney failure









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Public - 11/28/16, 5:27 PM