Mythology

As Told by Sophia Lamore and Michelle Paganini

Pre-Trojan War Heroes

The Characteristics That Heroes Share 

Atalanta, Perseus, Theseus, and Heracles

All of the aforementioned heroes have all share the same characteristics of a traditional hero, though n different ways. They all share a certain physical prowess, Atalanta with speed, Heracles with strength, Theseus and Perseus  both  use strategy to aid them with their fights and are both talented swordsmen. However, that doesn't mean that all heroes share the same traits. 

All of the heroes are different in some way or another, Atalanta being female is quite obvious, but also Heracles being immortalized on an island, and his example of suffering for the greater good. Perseus' "happy" ending. Theseus almost achieving happiness, but forgetting his promise to change the sails on his ship caused his father's death plaguing him with grief and guilt,  and his ascent to the throne.

Heracles and Perseus

Heracles is most likely the most famous Greek hero to have ever existed, though most know him by his Roman name Hercules. Unlike what his name suggests, most sources say that Hera and Heracles were constantly feuding, as Hera was jealous of Heracles due to the fact he was the son of Zeus and a mortal woman. This feud resulted in many of Heracles’ miseries. Son of Zeus and Alcmene, there was a prophecy that the next descendant of the hero Perseus would rule the house of Mycenae, upon hearing the prophecy Hera delayed Heracles’ birth and sent two serpents to kill him in his cradle; however, Heracles strangled them. Later in Heracles’ life, his physical strength aided him in his labors. He slew the Nemean lion, the of Captured the wild boar at Erymanthus, as well as stole Captured the wild boar at Erymanthus, as well as stole the queen of the Amazons’, Hippolyte, stash.

Perseus was the son of Perseus is another son of Zeus famous for the creatures he slew. Perseus was the son of Danae,  the daughter of the king of Argos. A prophecy stated that the child of Danae would kill it’s grandfather. In fear of the prophecy, the king of Argos locked Danae away in a tower were Zeus impregnated her. Upon discovering Danae’s child the king of Argos locked them both in a coffin-like box and threw them to the sea, where a fisherman discovered them and rescued them. The fisherman sheltered them until Perseus’ adulthood, when he was of age Perseus, the king of Seriphos fell in love with danae and began to harass her. Perseus, wanting his mother to live in peace tried to get rid of these unwanted advances. The king, angered set Perseus a seemingly impossible task. Perseus was to fetch the head of Medusa the gorgon. Setting of on his task, Perseus needed a weapon. The god Hermes gifted him with winged sandals, a sword, and a helmet that makes the wearer invisible. The goddess Athena gifted him with a bronze shield that shone like a polished mirror. He used these to slay Medusa.

Atalanta and Theseus

Atalanta was cast out birth, a disappointment to her father due to her gender. However, the goddess Artemis was looking out for her sending a bear to look out for her until a group of hunters took her in. A  prophecy stated that Atalanta would be unhappy if she married, so she decided to remain unmarried and a virgin. A talented archer and hunter Atalanta killed the two centaurs who tried  to rape her.  Historically, the first thing that made people take note of her abilities as an archer is when she participated in the Calydonian boar hunt, she was the first to wound the beast. Meleager, who finally killed the boar, wanted to marry Atalanta. Atalanta said that if she were to marry the man would have to beat her in a footrace. A man named Hippomenes, prayed to Aphrodite to help him beat Atalanta. Aphrodite gave the man golden apples to distract Atalanta. Once they were married, they eventually angered Aphrodite 

Theseus, the son of Aegeus, volunteered to go into the Labyrinth, to be sacrificed to the minotaur. A tradition that stated that Theseus' kingdom had sacrifice young men and women to the Minotaur on Crete. Theseus promised his father he would slay the beast and he would know by the color of his sails. Once on Crete Theseus gained a guide in  a princess of Crete. She gave him an enchanted string to help in the maze. Once he found the Minotaur, Theseus slew it and followed the string to safety. So blinded by the happiness of his success, Theseus forgot to change the color of the sails leaving them black. Aegeus, upon seeing the sails in the color that signified his son's death, threw  himself into the sea, giving the sea its name. When Theseus returned he ascended to his late father's throne. He had a sucsesful reign but it was shadowed by his fathers premature death.

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Public - 11/14/16, 8:32 AM