Used in Antigone as a reference to power and order. Creon mentions Zeus to show his power and control. In the play the eagle at the battle for Thebes was representative of Zeus's influence in the battle.
God of the Underworld, wealth, and the ruler of the dead.
Son of Cronos
Brother of Poseidon and Zeus
His weapon was a pitchfork
Greeks were so afraid to say his name in fear of death so they often referred to him as Pluton.
Pluton referred to the precious metals in the earth. This is why he is also the god of Wealth.
Hades is mentioned in the play as a reference to death through his symbols like the Fates.
The goddess of wisdom, reason, and arts and literature
Daughter of Zeus. She had no mother but rather sprang from Zeus's head at birth.
She was Zeus's favorite child so she had access to his weapons.
The city of Athens was named after her.
She is often symbolized as an owl.
Used in Antigone to give characters wisdom and someone to pray to for advice. Creon uses Athena as an example to show he is knowledgeable enough to lead Thebes.
God of fire, blacksmiths, sculptors, metallurgy, and volcanoes
Symbolized by the hammer, the anvil and tongs.
Son of Zeus and Hera
Married to Aphrodite
He devised a plan to humiliate both Ares and Aphrodite to the other gods once he learned of their affair.
Hephaestus helps demonstrate the war between Eteocles and Polynices since he is the god of fire and the war was bloody and fiery.
God of war
Son of Zeus and Hera
He was a symbol of raw violence, tactical strategy, and military planning.
Both of his parents hated him.
He loved Aphrodite who was his sister and was married to Hephaestus.
Ares was always followed around by two of his sons, Deimos (terror) and Phobos (fear)
Ares is used in Antigone to describe the war of Thebes and aid Thebes in battle.
Goddess of love, desire, and beauty
Daughter of Zeus and Dione
Also said to have been born and rose out of the sea on a giant scallop.
She was married to Hephaestus but had an affair with Ares.
She had three holy birds: the dove, the swan, and the sparrow.
Her holy tree was the myrtle.
Used in Antigone to demonstrate love between characters or love in a given situation such as between Haimon and Antigone.